The Failure of U.S. Climate and Environmental Policy and Why There is Still Hope

U.S. climate policy. Resist!

Writing to a  class of international students “Climate Change Mitigation in the Developing World” about “climate policy where I live”

It is, of course, hard news from the United States with Donald Trump signing his “energy independence” executive order.   Among other things, the order calls for a “rewrite” of former president Obama’s Clean Power Plan (CPP). The CPP is (was) the cornerstone of the U.S. INDC commitment to the Paris Agreement.

For years, electricity generation from coal has declined.  Most of that decline is from fracking and the plunge in the price of natural gas, not from any particularly heroic government assistance. That’s not to say the Production Tax Credit and other federal government incentives have not played an important role. It has been uneven and inconsistent.

Nonetheless, innovation in alternative energy generation is strong. The cost of wind and solar generation has fallen sharply.  The government’s own numbers from the Energy Information Agency (EIA) have consistently underestimated the growth of installed renewable energy generation capacity.

The executive order president Trump signed cited analysis done by private consulting firm NERA Economic Consulting. The research was funded by American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity, an advocacy group for U.S. coal producers. The assumptions used for the analysis is based on the EIA’s faulty projections.

Three other reports studied by Noah Kaufman rely on different assumptions, following the actual trend in the renewable energy sector. Two others, funded by pro-CPP advocacy groups, show the exact opposite from the NERA report. The one study done by the U.S. government’s  Environmental Protection Agency is the only one reaching a moderate  conclusion – that consumer energy rates will modestly rise and then fall as the CPP becomes settles into mainstream energy policy.

No good policy comes without transparency

The point for Kaufman is transparency:

“When modelers have a favored result in mind, it’s not so hard to take these models and produce the result that they want to produce,” he says. “It’s so important to find an independent group for these studies”

So it’s a problem and it exposes many of the powerful forces at play. Both here in the U.S. and globally.  If challenge is also opportunity, then we have before us a great opportunity. There are leaders, there are positive messages.

We have agency

Jim Brainard, mayor of Carmel Indiana and active member of the Republican party, talks of the “conservative tradition” of his party. That’s why he has consistently disagreed with Trump’s climate, energy, and environmental policy. Especially now.

Lynelle Cameron, director of sustainability for Autodesk and board member of the Biomimicry Institute, sees the potential for solutions for modeling natural systems for human design. Tools are available for people with bright minds and companies vision. “People have agency,” she says.

This does not diminish the tragedy of the U.S. government abdicating leadership. The damage cannot be undone, but in business and local government there remains more coherent voices of leadership, sustained commitment toward a just and sustainable future,  and therefore hope.

Brainard and Cameron are two of many millions of others like them, in the U.S. and across the world. There is an ethic and core belief driving their work.

They want me to tell you that their mission hasn’t changed.

We move forward from where we are.

World Wildlife Day | Saving Our Own Humanity

Elephants of Africa - photo by Thomas Schueneman

The Peace of Wild Things - Photo by Gary Bendig

The Peace of Wild Things

When despair for the world grows in me
and I wake in the night at the least sound
in fear of what my life and my children’s lives may be,
I go and lie down where the wood drake
rests in his beauty on the water, and the great heron feeds.
I come into the peace of wild things
who do not tax their lives with forethought
of grief. I come into the presence of still water.
And I feel above me the day-blind stars
waiting with their light. For a time
I rest in the grace of the world, and am free.
– Wendell Berry

World Wildlife Day

Today is World Wildlife Day. With biodiversity in decline and illegal poaching on the rise, it is a good day to reflect on what we truly value in this world. To poachers, a Rhino horn brought in over $60,000/kg in 2014, Elephant ivory about $2,142/kg. But what is the real value of these animals in our world?

Investing in extinction assures our own demise. That we could express the lives of these trophic species as items of economic weaIth is not only a crime of action but a failure of human thought, threatening our own survival and humanity. With each animal killed merely for sport, or power, or economic gain, we devalue our connection to the natural world.

The mysteries of the sea - photo by sara-santandrea

Message for World Wildlife Day

Change starts with awareness. As citizens and “consumers” we can bring about change in the choices we make and the actions we take.

In the face of such overwhelming global issues, anything we can do may seem like spitting into the wind. But as Robert Kennedy once said:

“Each time a man stands up for an ideal, or acts to improve the lot of others, or strikes out against injustice, he sends forth a tiny ripple of hope, and crossing each other from a million different centers of energy and daring, those ripples build a current that can sweep down the mightiest walls of oppression and resistance.”

We each have within us the power to stand up for a living planet and send forth a “ripple of hope.”

Wilderness and the Age of Man

The Age of Man: Wilderness in the Anthropocene

Jason Mark’s 2015 Satellites in the High Country asks an essential question:

What is wilderness?

Is there any wilderness left on earth? If so, where is it?

If it is true that a radioactive haze has settled across the globe, then indeed, there is no wilderness left; no place left untouched by the actions of one species.

The philosophical among us may claim that there is wilderness in every human soul.

That is a debate best left to those smarter than I.

I suspect attempting the self-reflection of our place in the order of things, for which we are given only a momentary glimpse, is fraught with bias. Even if well-intentioned.

All men are liable to error; and most men are, in many points, by passion or interest, under temptation to it.
John Locke, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

On the one hand, caution and skepticism are warranted before we assume we are or can impact Earth on a geological time scale. Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence, to paraphrase Carl Sagan.

Claiming we live in the “Age of Man” may seem antithetical to the beliefs of most spiritual traditions. But many offer a sacred reverence for nature and a sense of place.

And so, on the other hand, is the Precautionary Principle.

If there is any reasonable possibility that the fate of the planet – the world as we know it – rests in our hands, then we are, indeed, living in the Anthropocene – the Age of Man.

I argue that this is the case. There is, I believe, sufficient evidence to suggest current human activity is impacting, at an epochal level, global systems and cycles.

Living within boundaries

 

Living within limits: the nine planetary boundaries
Planetary Boundaries

The only desirable way forward is learning how to manage human activity within the physical limits of the planet. Within that framework cultivate, as best we can, social stability, equality, and human dignity.

If that is the task, then urgency-of-purpose must balance caution of action. Whether we like it or not, we must literally shape a new world. We are shaping a new world. It’s too late to back out now.

The longer we allow short-term accounting, manufacturing of doubt, and willful ignorance to dominate the narrative, the more time is lost. Caution thrown to the wind. Left only for future generations to ask why?

And then there’s figuring out what’s for dinner tonight.

After all, I’m only human.